Scraped surface heat exchangers (SSHEs) are an increasingly popular technology used to improve energy efficiency in various industrial industries. They offer a cost-effective and efficient way of transferring heat from one medium to another and are used in everything from food processing to chemical production. SSHEs are designed to enhance heat transfer rates by using a mechanical scraping action to remove debris and scale from the heat transfer surface. They’re particularly well-suited for high-pressure and high-temperature operations. As such, it’s essential to understand the principles of SSHEs and why they’re so effective. Keep reading to learn more.
What Are Scraped Surface Heat Exchangers?
Scraped surface heat exchangers are a type of heat exchange technology used widely in the food, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries. SSHEs are especially suited for viscous, sticky, and particulate-filled products that require some degree of crystallization. These qualities describe a large number of processed foods, making SSHEs an ideal choice for pumpable food products such as:
- Heavy salad dressings
- Peanut butter
- Ice cream
During their operation, SSHEs quickly and continuously scrape a heat transfer surface to bring the product into contact with it. This technique helps maintain a high, uniform heat exchange. This process is accomplished by a rotating blade inside the heat exchanger designed to scrape the heat transfer surface, removing any material that would otherwise impede the heat transfer process. The rotating blade is powered by either a motor or a mechanical drive system and is typically made of stainless steel, ensuring durability and corrosion resistance. Additionally, the scrapers provide simultaneous mixing and agitation of the product.
SSHEs achieve high heat transfer coefficients due to constantly replacing the boundary layer with fresh material. This also results in a short contact time with the heating surface, allowing for high-temperature gradients without any danger of unwanted reactions. A wide range of heat transfer mediums can be used, and various unit operations can be performed simultaneously, making SSHEs a versatile option.
What Are The Benefits Of A Scraped Surface Heat Exchanger?
Scraped surface heat exchangers offer many advantages over traditional heat exchangers, such as increased efficiency, improved heat transfer, and a lower overall cost of ownership.
SSHEs are designed to provide superior heat transfer efficiency. This is because the scraping action of the rotor blades removes any debris, scale, or other buildup that can form on the heat exchanger surface. The scraping action also helps reduce the heat exchanger’s thermal resistance, allowing for improved heat transfer. In addition, SSHEs require less maintenance than traditional heat exchangers since they don’t require frequent cleaning and descaling. This results in a lower cost of ownership over time.
The improved efficiency of SSHEs also means that they’re more energy-efficient than traditional heat exchangers. This can result in significant energy savings, mainly when used in large-scale industrial applications. SSHEs also provide greater flexibility in terms of temperature control. The scraping action of the rotor blades can be adjusted to provide precise temperature control.
When selecting an SSHE for your application, it’s important to consider several factors, including the operating temperature and pressure, the type of heat transfer fluid used, and the size and shape of the heat exchanger. Furthermore, you should consider any environmental or safety considerations that may need to be considered, such as the presence of flammable or hazardous materials.
Scraped surface heat exchangers provide an efficient and cost-effective solution for many industrial processes. They are designed to maximize heat transfer and minimize fouling, helping to reduce energy costs and improve production yields. The use of scraped surface heat exchangers is becoming increasingly important as the need for energy efficiency and productivity grows. For these reasons, SSHEs are an excellent choice for many operations and can provide reliable and consistent performance.
Image Source: unsplash.com